Vietnam is ranking no 14 in a list top of mangoes production around the world. As you may know that Philippines is the no1 of the list.
Mangoes have traditionally been cultivated in the Central and Southern parts of Việt Nam. Mangoes are not commercially grown in the North, well-known areas are in Mai Sơn and Yên Châu districts in Sơn La province, Yên Minh is a rural district of Hà Giang Province, and Lai Châu province where the winter temperature is quite high and humidity is low (which is considered very favorable for pollination and fertilization of mangoes). However, mangoes are often grown as ornamental or shade trees in home gardens and pagodas in many inland provinces in the North. Main production areas in Việt Nam are Tiền Giang, Đồng Tháp, Cần Thơ, Vĩnh Long and Khánh Hòa in southern Việt Nam. To the east of Cochinchine, mangoes are grown in Đồng Nai, and Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu province.
In 2017, Việt Nam has 92,746 hectares and an output of 788,233 tons of mango, of which the Mekong Delta was the largest mango producing area, accounting for 46.1% of the area and 64.4% of the mango production of the country; followed by the South East.
Weather conditions available in North of Việt Nam includes a rather low November and December temperatures, much sunshine, and little rain. These should create favorable conditions for mango flowering, but no commercial production is viable, because cold north-westerly winds, cloudy skies, and drizzling rain occur when the mango flowers in January and this causes poor fruit set, seedless small fruits, and a high incidence of diseases that prevent fruit set and development.
“Xoai” is a Vietnamese term for mango.
As a tropical country, Vietnam is suitable for lot of fruit. Many people visit to Vietnam trying tasting as much as possible the fruit here. Mango is also a iconic fruit of Vietnam. Most of Vietnamese mango kind located in the south or middle of the country such as Khanh Hoa, Tien Giang, Hau Giang, Dong Thap province.
Vietnamese mangoes combine inside and outside kinds which mainly came from Indian, Thailand or even Australia. Like Thailand, Vietnamese mangoes have a peak season from April to July and small season for the Tet Holiday from Jan to February. Usually, a mango tree need 4 months for the beautiful flowers becoming a mature fruit.
In Vietnam, people also consider mango leaves or green mango babies are ingredient for cooking especially sour soup. Many people agree that those got a positive effect on human healthy.
The fruit is high in fibre, antioxidants and vitamins A and C. Studies have shown the mango to be useful in issues with constipation, as well as in curbing obesity and reducing inflammation. Vietnam have long believed that even the young leaves carry health benefits, such as for pain relief and in stopping asthma attacks
Mango trees take root easily, even in soil that is not considered particularly fertile. Once the seedlings begin to sprout, they do not require much care or attention, hence the ease with which they proliferate. Once fully grown, the trees themselves can grow to 35 meters tall, shooting out small, aromatic yellow flowers when in full bloom.
How to eat like Vietnamese?
Many people use green mangoes with a bowl of fish sausage; cutting chili and sugar. Mangoes need to be cut into thin layers and dip into the fixed bowl.
In the mango peak season, from April to July, when the mango getting ripen so much, people will make a special cake from ripen ones call mango paper (it look like rice paper) or mango cake. It keeps the mango longer then fresh ones.
How to make a mango paper?
Its formula will be ripen mangoes + hard sunlight.
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